Faculty and Staff Directory
Donna A. Chen
|Title:||Robert L. Sumwalt Professor / Courtesy Appointment in Chemical Engineering / Physical
Analytical / Catalysis / Chemical Physics / Inorganic / Materials / Nano / Solid State / Spectroscopy
|Department:||Chemistry and Biochemistry
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Office: GSRC 224
Lab: GSRC 227, 803-777-6113
Lab 2: GSRC 239
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
B.S., 1992, Rochester Institute of Technology
Ph.D., 1997, Harvard University
Honors and Awards
Southern Chemist Award, 2021; Carolina Trustees Professorship, 2020; Michael J. Mungo Distinguished Professor of the Year, 2019; Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2018; Fellow of AVS (American Vacuum Society), 2018; Ada B. Thomas Outstanding Faculty Advisor Award, 2018; Outstanding South Carolina Chemist Award, 2017; USC Educational Foundation Research Award, 2016; International Precious Metals Institute Carol Tyler Award, 2012; Michael J. Mungo Undergraduate Teaching Award, 2010; Governor's Young Researcher Award for Excellence in Science, 2008; NSF CAREER Award, 2002; Army Young Investigator Award, 2000.
Research in the Chen group focuses on understanding surface chemistry on the atomic and molecular level. One of the main motivations of this work is to guide the development of new materials for heterogeneous catalysts. Heterogeneous catalysis represents a $10 trillion dollar/year industry and impacts many different applications, including petroleum refining, automotive catalytic converters, production of starting materials for organic synthesis reactions and production of fertilizers. Most catalysts consist of metal particles on an oxide support, and the catalytic chemistry occurs on the surfaces of the particles. It is therefore critical to have a basic understanding of the reaction processes occurring on surfaces in order to systematically design catalytic materials with activity and selectivity that can be tailored for specific chemical reactions. Specifically, we are interested in understanding how the activity and selectivity can be tailored by controlling particle size, composition of bimetallic catalysts and interactions between the particles on the support. Given the complexity of the commercial heterogeneous catalysts, we are studying model catalytic surfaces consisting of metal nanoparticles vapor-deposited on single-crystal supports, as well as metal films and alloys grown on metal single-crystal surfaces.
Recently, we have studied Pt-Re bimetallic systems for oxidation reactions. Pt-Re bimetallic catalysts are known to exhibit superior activity compared to their single metal counterparts for the aqueous reforming of glycerol and for the water-gas shift reaction; however, the origins of this enhanced activity are not completely understood. It has been proposed that the Pt-Re bimetallic surface binds CO less strongly than pure Pt, thereby preventing the active Pt sites from being poisoned by CO. Alternatively, rhenium oxide is believed to facilitate CO removal via promotion of the water-gas shift reaction. We are growing bimetallic Pt-Re particles on titania and graphite supports and investigating their activity as a function of surface composition, Re oxidation state, particle size, and particle-support interactions.
Most of our experiments are carried out in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) chambers with pressures of <1x10-10 Torr). This provides us with a well-controlled environment in which we can control every atom or molecule that strikes the surface. Scanning tunneling microscopy is used to characterize sizes and shapes of deposited metal nanoparticles on the atomic scale. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), low energy ion scattering (LEIS), low energy electron diffraction (LEED), temperature programmed desorption (TPD, a form of mass spectrometry) and other surface analysis techniques provide information on surface structure, atomic composition, chemical bonding, and identification of reaction products. A catalytic reactor coupled to the UHV system allows us to evaluate reaction kinetics under realistic catalytic conditions. We have also constructed an infrared spectroscopy system (polarization modulation infrared absorption reflection spectroscopy) capable of studying the surfaces during catalytic reactions at elevated pressures. In addition, we have carried out ambient-pressure XPS experiments at the National Synchrotron Light Source at Brookhaven National Laboratory in order to study Re oxidation states and surface intermediates under reaction conditions.
We have also been studying gas-phase catalytic reactions at the metal nodes of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). These highly crystalline, high-surface area MOFs serve as model systems for understanding catalytic reactions at active sites that are well-defined and well-characterized in terms of structure, geometry, and composition. Cu3(BTC)2 (abbreviated CuBTC, where BTC3-=benzenetricarboxylate) was chosen as a system of interest since this MOF has good thermal stability, as well as undercoordinated sites that may be active for catalysis. Metals such as Co and Rh are incorporated into to the stable CuBTC framework by post-synthetic ion-exchange in order to introduce more catalytically active metal sites. (CuxRh1-x)3(BTC)2 (abbreviated CuRhBTC) was found to be active for propylene hydrogenation at room temperature and also showed excellent selectivity and long-term stability. The details of the reaction mechanism occurring at the MOF metal sites were explored by in situ studies using a combination of techniques such as XPS, diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy (DRIFTS), Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES).
1. S. Beniwal, W. Chai, K. Metavarayuth, T. D. Maddumapatabandi, D. M. Shakya, G. Henkelman, and D. A. Chen, “Oxidation of Sn at the Cluster-Support Interface: Sn and Pt-Sn Clusters on TiO2(110),” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2021, 125, 17671-17683. 10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c03338
2. K. Metavarayuth, O. Ejegbavwo, G. McCarver, M. L. Myrick, T. M. Makris, K. D. Vogiatzis, S. D. Senanayake, O. M. Manley, A. Ebrahim, A. Frenkel, S. Hwang, T. Rajeshkumar , J. Jimenez , K. Chen, N. B. Shustova, and D. A. Chen, "Direct Identification of Mixed-Metal Centers in Metal-Organic Frameworks: Cu3(BTC)2 Transmetallated with Rh2+ Ions," Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2020, 11, 8138-8144. 10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c02539
3. A. J. Brandt, D. M. Shakya, K. Metavarayuth, E. Dolgopolova, L. Hensley, A .S. Duke, S. Farzandh, M. Stefik, N. B. Shustova, and D. A. Chen, "Growth of Crystalline Bimetallic Metal-Organic Framework Films Via Transmetalation," Langmuir, 2020, 36, 9900-9908. 10.1021/acs.langmuir.0c01535
4. D. M. Shakya, O. A. Ejegbavwo, T. Rajeshkumar, S. D. Senanayake, A. J. Brandt, S. Farzandh, N. Acharya, A. M. Ebrahim, A. I. Frenkel, N. Rui, G. L. Tate, J. R. Monnier, K. D. Vogiatzis, N. B. Shustova and D. A. Chen, "Metal Nodes in Bimetallic Metal-Organic Frameworks as Sites for Hydrogenation Reactions," Angewandte Chemie, 2019, 58, 16533-16537. 10.1002/anie.201908761
5. A. J. Brandt, T. D. Maddumapatabandi, D. M. Shakya, K. Xie, G. S. Seuser, S. Farzandh and D. A. Chen, "Water-gas Shift Activity on Pt-Re Surfaces and the Role of the Support," 2019, Journal of Chemical Physics, 151, 234714. 10.1063/1.5128735
6. R. P. Galhenage, H. Yan, T. B. Rawal, D. Le, A. J. Brandt, T. D. Maddumapatabandi, N. Nguyen, T. S. Rahman, and D. A. Chen, "MoS2 Nanoclusters Grown on TiO2: Evidence for New Adsorption Sites at Edges and Sulfur Vacancies," Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2019, 123, 7185-7201. 10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b00076
7. G. S. Seuser, R. Banerjee, K. Metavarayuth, A.J. Brandt, T.D. Maddumapatabandi, S. Karakalos, Y. Lin, J.R. Regalbuto, and D.A. Chen, "Understanding Uptake of Pt Precursors During Strong Electrostatic Adsorption on Single-Crystal Carbon Surfaces," Topics in Catalysis, 2018, 61, 379-388. 10.1007/s11244-017-0872-3
8. Duke, A. S.; Xie, K.; Brandt, A. J.; Maddumapatabandi, T. D.; C., A. S.; Heyden, A.; Monnier, J. R.; Chen, D. A. "Understanding Active Sites in the Water-Gas Shift Reaction for Pt-Re Catalysts on Titania," ACS Catalysis, 2017, 7, 2597-2606. 10.1021/acscatal.7b00086
9. E.A. Dolgopolova; A.J. Brandt; O.A. Ejegbavwo; A.S. Duke, T.D. Maddumapatabandi; R.P. Galhenage; B.W. Larson; O.G. Reid; S.C. Ammal; A. Heyden; M. Chandrashekhar; V. Stavila; D.A. Chen; N.B. Shustova."Electronic Properties of Bimetallic Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs): Tailoring the Density of Electronic States through MOF Modularity," Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2017, 139, 5201-5209. 10.1021/jacs.7b01125